Dental implants are replacement tooth roots that are placed into the jawbone to provide a stable base for false teeth. They are a popular alternative to dentures or bridges, as they offer a more permanent solution for missing teeth and many additional benefits. Dr. Matthew Jenne offers dental implants in Garner, NC for patients who suffer from missing teeth. Here, we discuss what dental implants are and the different options available.
What are Dental Implants?
Dental implants are made up of several different parts. The implant fixture is the first part. This sophisticated dental prosthesis comes in many shapes, sizes, and materials. Then there is a small metal piece called an abutment. It connects the fixture to the replacement tooth or teeth. The last piece is the false teeth or tooth. This can be a dental crown, dental bridge or denture. The parts of a dental implant include the:
The implant fixture is the part that your dentist will surgically insert into the jawbone. Most are made of titanium because it is a biocompatible material that the human body will not reject. They come in many sizes to accommodate different jawbone sizes and shapes. Implant fixtures are measured in millimeters and range from about 3.5mm to 6mm in diameter. They also vary in length to accommodate varying bone densities.
The abutment is a small metal piece that attaches to the implant fixture. Its job is to connect the implant to the replacement tooth or teeth. The abutment is attached to the implant in a separate surgical procedure after the implant has fused to the bone.
The last part of the dental implant is the replacement tooth. The false teeth are custom made to fit in the patient’s mouth perfectly to create a natural looking smile. Patients missing one tooth will have a dental crown secured to one implant fixture. Patients with several missing teeth in a row will have a dental bridge secured to two or more dental implants. A denture will be secured to between 4 and 8 dental implants for patients missing most or all of their teeth on an arch.
Two-Stage Implants vs One-Stage Implants
Two-stage implants are the most common type that dentists use. It involves placing the implant fixture into the jaw and allowing it fuse to the bone for several months. Once this is complete, the dentist will go back in and attach the abutment to the fixture and then attach the replacement tooth.
A one-state implant, on the other hand, involves placing both the implant fixture and the abutment at the same time during one surgical procedure. This eliminates the need for a second surgery to secure the abutment.
The benefit to using two-stage implants is that it reduces the chance for implant failure because there is more control over the healing process. The gum tissue covers the implants protecting completely to prevent infection. However, it will require a second procedure to place the abutment.
The benefit of using one-stage implants is that it reduces treatment time by eliminating a second procedure. This reduces the risk of complications from a second surgery and improves the patients comfort.
Ultimately, it is up to your dentist to determine which type will work best for you. Not everyone will qualify for a one-stage implant. The patient must have sufficient jawbone density and volume. Also, a two-stage implant typically has a better outcome.
To learn more about dental implants in Garner, NC, book a consult with Dr. Jenne. He can help you determine if they are the right tooth replacement option for you. You can call our office at 919.238.3470 to book an appointment or request one online by filling out our appointment request form.